R Controlled Vowels

Lessons 13-14 and 25-26

 

What: 

 

R Controlled vowels are the vowels a, e, i, o and u that are influenced by the letter r.

 

Examples of words with only one vowel that are controlled by “R” are:  far; fern; bird, for, fur.

 

Examples of words with two vowels that are controlled by “R” are:  fair; fear; steer.

 

Why: 

 

R Controlled words make up about 10% of single syllable words.  Therefore, a significant focus should be placed on these words. 

 

When:

 

Words that are controlled by “R” are presented in Lessons 13 – 16.  Lessons 13 – 16 introduce the R Controlled vowels by using the beginning and ending consonant sounds in Lessons 1 – 12. 

 

Words with one R Controlled vowel are focused on in Lesson 13 and Lesson 14.  Words with two R Controlled vowels are focused on in Lesson 25 and Lesson 26. 

How:  

 

Words that do not adhere to the one vowel/two vowel R Controlled pattern are introduced in Lessons 29 - 32 as part of Irregular Rimes.

 

Repetition, repetition, repetition! 

 

My Breakfast Reading Program presents the R Controlled vowels in four lessons.  Each lesson consists of one 60-second exercise and one 30-second exercise.  These exercises provide a high number of repetitions in a very short time frame.  Each lesson is repeated five days a week.


Statistical Analysis: 

 

Table 3:  Analysis of R Controlled Words

Sound

Spelling

Examples

1

Vowel Rule

2 Vowel Rule

Irregular Rime

Rule

Total

ar

ar

far

45

 

 

48

er

er

fern

8

 

 

15

 

ir

fir

19

 

 

19

 

ur

fur

16

 

 

19

or

or

for

33

 

 

33

air

air

fair

 

7

 

7

 

ear

pear

 

4

 

4

 

are

fare

 

18

 

18

ear

ear

fear

 

14

 

14

 

eer

deer

 

9

 

9

ire

ier

flier

 

4

 

4

 

ire

fire

 

5

 

5

ar

arge

barge

 

 

3

3

er

erve erge

nerve

 

 

7

7

 

urse

nurse

 

 

3

3

or

ore

tore

 

 

16

16

 

oar

roar

 

 

3

3

 

 

Totals

121

61

32

227

 

 

%

57%

29%

15%

100%

 

Analysis of Table 3 illustrates that there are six basic sounds (ar, er, or, air, ear, ire) for R Controlled words. 

 

Analysis indicates that 57% of R Controlled words are comprised of:

·        words with one vowel

·        three sounds:

o       37% - ar

o       36% - er

o       27% - or

·        the sound “er” has three spellings (er, ir, ur)                

Analysis indicates that 29% of R Controlled words are comprised of:

·        words with two vowels

·        three sounds:

o       51%  - air

o       40%  - ear

o         9%  - ire

Analysis indicates that 15% of R Controlled words do not adhere to the one/two vowel pattern.  These will be presented in the lessons on Irregular Rimes.


Exercise Materials:  Layout and Instructions

 

Exercise #2:  Recognition of R Controlled Vowels - One Vowel

Sound

Example

ar

far

er

fur

or

for

 

Spelling

ar

er

or

 

ir

 

 

ur

 

 

Exercise #2:  Recognition of R Controlled Vowels - Two Vowels

Sound

Example

air

hair

ear

hear

ire

hire

 

Spelling

air

ear

ire

ear

eer

ier

are

 

 

 

Exercise #2:  This is a 60 second timed exercise.  During the first 30 seconds, the teacher randomly points to an R Controlled vowel and says the sound.  The student immediately says the sound.  Start out with a three second interval between sounds and quickly work up to a rate of one sound per second by the end of the 30 seconds.

 

During the second 30 seconds, the teacher randomly points to a R Controlled vowel.  The student attempts to say the sound.  After a brief hesitation, the teacher says the sound, regardless if the student named, misnamed or couldn’t name the sound.  Start out with a three second interval between sounds and quickly work up to a rate of one word per second by the end of the 30 seconds. 

 

It is encouraged if the student and teacher can develop a rhythm that allows them to say the sounds in unison.

 

Exercise #3:  Count the Vowels – Say the Rule - Say the Vowel Sound

fir

word

word

word

word

word

word

word

word

word

word

word

word

word

word

word

word

word

word

word

word

 

Exercise #3:  This is a 30 second drill.  The student is to work left to right.  For each word, the student says three things:  How many vowels, R Controlled and the actual vowel sound.  For example, for the first word, the student says “1”, “ R Controlled”, “ir”.